Elections, Campaign Disclosure and Lobbyists

Ben Ysursa, Secretary of State


Contact Person / Organization  

Alanna Grimm
(208) 398-6891

Status   Deadline has passed. Proposed initiative will not be on the November 2010 ballot.
Short Ballot Title  

An Initiative to prohibit federal regulation or mandates of state-specific health insurance plans and nullifying federal law.

Long Ballot Title  

An initiative related to health insurance; amending Title 41, Idaho Code, adding a new Chapter 61 to prohibit federal regulation or mandates of state-specific health insurance plans, listing prohibitions, nullifying federal law, creating penalties and permitting severability.

Attorney General Certificate of Review   Can be viewed by following this link to the Attorney General's web site. This document is provided in PDF file format, you must have a PDF reader installed on your computer to view the file.

Full Text

PDF Version


   SECTION 1. That Title 41, Idaho Code, be, and the same is hereby amended by the addition thereto of a NEW CHAPTER, to be known and designated as Chapter 61, Title 41, Idaho Code, and to read as follows:


   41-6101. SHORT TITLE. This act may be known and cited as the "Idaho Health Insurance Freedom Act."

   41-6102. PURPOSE. The tenth amendment to the United States Constitution reserves powers not explicitly delegated to the federal government to the states. Health insurance is an area that has traditionally been regulated by the states, and most plans are state specific. There is often little to no interstate commerce involved in health care insurance. As a result, any attempt by the federal government to regulate or provide mandates on state-specific health insurance plans is a clear violation of the United States Constitution unless it pertains to a federal program like medicare. It is the purpose of this act to protect Idaho health insurers, consumers, and potential consumers of health care insurance from illegal and abusive mandates from the federal government which would threaten the quality and availability of health care for Idahoans. It is declared that the public policy of Idaho is to prevent any and all forms of coercion applied to persons in the state that might be utilized to compel them to comply with federal regulations nullified by this act. This shall include any such coercive action by the federal government to the extent such violates standards enumerated in the ninth and tenth amendments to the United States Constitution or any other constitutional standards which might apply to a specific public law or regulation.

   41-6103. DEFINITIONS. As used in this chapter, the following terms have the meanings indicated unless the context clearly requires otherwise:
   (1) "Compel" includes penalties or fines.
   (2) "Health care system" means any person whose function or purpose is the management of, processing of, enrollment of individuals for or payment for, in full or in part, health care services or health care data or health care information for its participants.
   (3) "Penalties or fines" means any civil or criminal penalty or fine, tax, salary or wage withholding or surcharge or any named fee with a similar effect established by law, rule, or regulation by a government established, created, or controlled agency that is used to punish or discourage the exercise of rights protected under this section.
   (4) "Lawful health care services" means any health-related service or treatment to the extent that the service or treatment is permitted or not prohibited by law, rule, or regulation that may be provided by persons or businesses otherwise permitted to offer such services.
   (5) "Person" means an individual, corporation, association, public or private corporation, city or other municipality, county, state agency, or the state of Idaho.
   (6) "Idaho plan" refers to any health insurance plan or health care system administered in the state of Idaho for the benefit of Idaho persons with the exception of those which:
   (a) Service a federally mandated program such as medicare or medicaid;
   (b) Service federal employees;
   (c) Service entities created under a federal mandate that has not been declared invalid by the state of Idaho;
   (d) Has a substantial nexus of business with the federal government; or
   (e) Has insurance operations in states or countries outside of Idaho.

   41-6104. PROHIBITONS. Any law, mandate, or regulation by the federal government is null and void and of no force or effect in Idaho if it:
   (1) Compels the coverage of certain procedures, treatments, drugs, or other lawful health care services by an Idaho plan;
   (2) Proscribes the manner in which an Idaho plan can select patients;
   (3) Compels an Idaho plan to accept any individual into a plan with certain or all pre-existing conditions;
   (4) Compels an Idaho plan to price their plans in a certain manner;
   (5) Restricts an Idaho plan's access to any lawful health care services;
   (6) Regulates an Idaho plan in any manner, shape, or form aside from those lawful and constitutional aspects of the federal code which apply to other industries outside of health care insurance and that have not been nullified by the state of Idaho;
   (7) Compels an Idaho plan to ration care in a certain manner;
   (8) Restricts an Idaho plan from providing services to certain persons or classes or persons living in Idaho; or
   (9) Requires an Idaho plan to pay penalties or fines which would incentivize companies to modify business practices in manner described by (1) through (8) of this section.

   41-6105. NULLIFICATION OF INVALID FEDERAL LAWS AND ENFORCEMENT ACTIONS. (1) Any federal law, regulation, or mandate to the contrary of the provisions of this act is null and void and of no force or effect in Idaho.
   (2) Any federal employee or agent of the federal government who actively attempts to enforce laws nullified by this chapter or commits a violation pursuant to 41-6107, Idaho Code, is subject to the penalties and prosecution described in 41-6108, Idaho Code.

   41-6106. NULLIFICATION OF ANY INDIRECT VIOLATIONS OF THIS ACT. Any legislation, rule, regulation, or administrative action whose enforcement or threatened enforcement might have the indirect effect of violating the prohibitions of this act shall also be null and void and of no force or effect in Idaho. For example, if there existed a requirement for an individual or business to file income tax returns and the effect of filing those tax returns according to the instructions given under penalty of perjury would have the same economic effect of penalties or fines for not covering pre-existing conditions in a Idaho plan, that requirement of filing would be null and void in the state of Idaho and no civil or criminal enforcement actions for failure to file such income tax returns could take place in Idaho.

   41-6107. COLOR OF LAW VIOLATIONS. If any individual attempts to compel a person in Idaho into surrendering a right or property guaranteed by this act by directly or indirectly threatening such person with the enforcement of a law or code which would be nullified by this act, the individual or individuals attempting to compel shall be subject to penalties as detailed in 41-6108, Idaho Code.

   41-6108. PENALTIES. (1) An arrest, search, or seizure or attempted arrest or seizure in violation of this chapter is unlawful, and individuals involved can be prosecuted by the county prosecuting attorney or attorney general's office for kidnapping if an arrest or attempted arrest occurred, for trespass if a search or attempted search occurred, for theft if a seizure or attempted seizure occurred, and for any applicable homicide offense if loss of life occurred. The individuals involved can also be charged with any other applicable criminal offenses in Title 18, Idaho Code.
   (2) Any individuals involved with violations of section 41-6107, Idaho Code, can be prosecuted by the county prosecuting attorney or attorney general's office for extortion as described by subsection (2)(e) of 18-2403, Idaho Code. The individuals involved can also be charged with any other applicable criminal offenses in Title 18, Idaho Code.
   (3) Victims of crimes prosecutable under this section shall also be entitled to independently pursue civil action against the perpetrators of these crimes.

   41-6109. SEVERABILITY. If a part of this chapter is invalid, all valid parts that are severable from the invalid part remain in effect. If a part of this chapter is invalid in one or more of its applications, the part remains in effect in all valid applications that are severable from the invalid applications.


Previous Page

Idaho Secretary of State's Main Page State of Idaho Home Page
Comments, questions or suggestions can be emailed to: