Campaign Finance FAQ
- Candidates (Idaho Code 67-6602, 67-6607, 67-6608)
- Political Committees (Idaho Code 67-6602(20), 67-6607, 67-6608)
- Nonbusiness entities engaged in campaign finance activity (Idaho Code 67-6602(18), 67-6606)
- Persons who make an independent expenditure(s) (Idaho Code 67-6602(11), 67-6611) or electioneering communication(s) (Idaho Code 67-6602(7), 67-6628) exceeding $100
- Announced the individual’s candidacy publicly;
- Filed for public office;
- Received a contribution for the purpose of promoting the individual’s candidacy for office; or
- Made an expenditure, contracted for services, or reserved space with the intent of promoting the individual’s candidacy for office.
“Those using personal funds to travel to various areas of the state to inquire about support for a proposed candidacy are not “candidates” if they limit their activities to seeking advice concerning their potential candidacy. However, one becomes a “Candidate” by either making broad based public contacts regarding his candidacy or by making any contacts aimed primarily at soliciting campaign staff, volunteers, or financing.”
- They are specifically designated to support or oppose any Candidate or Measure.
- They receive contributions and make expenditures in an amount exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000) in any calendar year for the purpose of supporting or opposing one (1) or more Candidates and/or Measures.
- Unambiguously refers to any candidate; and
- Is broadcast, printed, mailed, delivered, made or distributed within thirty (30) days before a primary election or sixty (60) days before a general election; and
- Is broadcast to, printed in a newspaper, distributed to, mailed to or delivered by hand to, telephone calls made to, or otherwise distributed to an audience that includes members of the electorate for such public office. (Idaho Code 67-6602(7))
- Does not have as its principal purpose the conduct of business activities for profit; and
- Received during the preceding calendar year contributions, gifts or membership fees, which in the aggregate exceeded ten percent (10%) of its total receipts for such year. (Idaho Code 67-6602(18))
Idaho Contribution Limits
|Donations Going To|
|Aggregate Contributions From||State Legislature||Judicial Office||Local Government Office||Political Committee 1
organized on candidate's behalf
|Statewide Office||Political Committee2
organized on candidate's behalf
|Individual (*other than candidate)||$1,000 †||$1,000 †||$1,000 †||$1,000 †||$5,000 †||$5,000 †|
|‡ Corporation, PAC, or other Recognized Legal Entity||$1,000 †||$1,000 †||$1,000 †||$1,000 †||$5,000 †||$5,000 †|
|County Central Committees||$2,000 †||$1,000 †||$1,000 †||$1,000† (Judicial/Local Gov't)
$2,000† (State Legislature)
|$5,000 †||$5,000 †|
|State Central Committees||$2,000 †||$1,000 †||$1,000 †||$2,000 †||$10,000 †||$10,000 †|
1 For State Legislature, Judicial, or Local Government Office
2 For Statewide Office
*Candidate contributions unlimited to his/her campaign
† Limits are separate for Primary and General elections
‡Includes National Party Organizations
The contribution limits for the state legislator shall apply to judicial district offices.
Contributions other than money or its equivalent are deemed to have a monetary value equivalent to the fair market value of the contribution. Services or property or rights furnished at less than their fair market value for the purpose of assisting any candidate or political committee are deemed a contribution. A contribution of this kind shall be reported as an in-kind contribution at its fair market value and counts toward any applicable contribution limit of the contributor. Contributions shall not include the personal services of volunteers.